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Patient Education
1. Flu / Influenza Information
2. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
3. Car Safety For Children

Flu/ Influenza information
Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness that is caused b influenza viruses. The flu can cause mild to severe illnesses, and it can also lead to death in some cases. 
Signs and symptoms:
  • Fever ( not everyone will have a fever)
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Headaches
  • Muscle and/or body aches
  • Fatigue
  • Vominitng and diarrhea ( most often in children than adults).

Everyone who is 6 months of age and older should get a flu vaccine this season. While it is important that everyone recieve a flu vaccine, it is especially important for some people to get vaccinated. Higher risk people such as ones who are at high risk of developing serious complications from the flu. 

These include:
  • People who have asthma, diabetes, and chronic lung disease.
  • Pregnant females
  • People who are younger than 5 years and  65 years of age and older.
  • People who live with or care for others who are at high risk of developing serious complications.
  • Healthcare professionals
  • Household contacts and caregivers of infants less than 6 months old. 
Preventing the flu starts with getting the flu vaccine each and every year. For more information on influenza, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Click here:

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP),
sudden infant death syndrome is a leading cause of fatality in babies between 1 month and 12 months of age. The following are recommendations from the AAP:

Reduce the Risk of SIDS While Pregnant
*Do not smoke.

*Do not expose yourself to others who are smoking.

*Get regular prenatal checkups to reduce the risk of a low birth weight or premature infant.

Supervised Tummy Time When Awake
Supervised tummy time when your baby is awake can help your infant build strong neck and shoulder muscles, promote normal development and reduce the risk of positional flat head. 

Reduce the Risk of SIDS During Infancy
*Do not expose your baby to anyone who is smoking.

*Position your baby on its back during every sleep time.

*If possible, breast feed baby throughout the first year of life.

*Do not cover baby’s head, over bundle, or make the room environment too hot.

*Keep soft objects and loose bedding out of the crib (e.g. stuffed animals, bumper pads).

*Use a safety approved crib with a firm mattress and well fitted sheets.
*Avoid car seats, adult beds, water beds, sofas, cushions and other sitting devices for routine sleep.

To learn more about Sleep Safety and SIDS, click on the following links:
AAP Expands Guidelines for Infant Sleep Safety and SIDS Risk Reduction

AAP: New Crib Standards as of June 2011

Click here for information on: SIDS prevention in Spanish.             

Car Safety for Children
In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (C.D.C.) determined that motor vehicle injuries was the leading cause of death among children in the United States. How can you help prevent serious injuries or fatalities?

In March 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued the same statement: "All infants should ride rear-facing starting with their first ride home from the hospital. All infants and toddlers should ride in a Rear-Facing Car Safety Seat until they are 2 years of age or until they reach the highest weight or height allowed by their car safety seat’s manufacturer."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
recommends that parents/caregivers use a seat belt on every trip, no matter how short. This sets a good example. Make sure children are properly buckled up in a seat belt, booster seat, or car seat, whichever is appropriate for their age, height and weight:
Rear-facing car seats. Infants should stay in rear-facing car seats as long as possible.

Front-facing car seats. When infants move into front-facing car seats, they should remain in those seats until they are at least 4 years old and weigh 40 pounds. However, it is safest to stay in a front-facing car seat until the height and weight limit of the seat is reached or the seat no longer fits.

Booster seats. Once children outgrow a front-facing car seat, they should use a booster seat until they are big enough for the seat belt to fit right. Children can stop using a booster seat when they can sit with their back against the seat back while their legs bend over the end of the seat.

Seat belts:  fit properly when the lap belt lays across the upper thighs and the shoulder belt fits across the middle of the child’s shoulder and chest. This typically occurs when the child is 4’9” tall and between 8 and 12 years of age.

*All children age 12 or under should sit in the back seat.

*Never seat a child in front of an air bag.